Rahmon outlines issues to be taken into account during discussion of the SDG 6

09/08/2016 11:18
Asia-Plus
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DUSHANBE, August 9, 2016, Asia-Plus – in a statement delivered at the opening ceremony of the High-Level International Symposium on SDG 6 and Targets Ensuring that No One Is Left Behind in Access to Water and Sanitation in Dushanbe today, Tajik President outlined issues to be taken into account. 

First, negative impact of climate change on water resources may impede our efforts in achieving SDGs, Rahmon, said noting that according to reliable assessments, including studies of the UN relevant agencies, the temperature is increasing at the global level.

This trend can cause up to two trillion USD of loss to the global economy annually.

“Tajikistan, where almost 60% of Central Asia’s water resources get accumulated, is also affected by the negative impact of climate change, said Tajik leader.  “Almost, 30% of Tajikistan’s glaciers have melted during the last ten years, and this trend is continuing.”

In this period, only the Fedchenko glacier, the biggest continental glacier in Tajikistan has reduced by 2 cubic kilometers.

At the same time, this year due to the low water season in the main rivers of the region, including in Amudarya and Sirdarya, it is expected that water accumulation will reduce by 30%, and this situation will affect the water supply process in the countries of the region.

This means that the countries of the region need to introduce specific regional programs on regional water resources management based on equality and mutual understanding, Rahmon noted.

With regard to the impact of climate change, the frequency of water related natural disasters in Tajikistan has reportedly increased over the recent years, which annually causes significant financial loss and casualties.

Natural disasters cause unexpected loss to the country’s economy and create barriers against our efforts in ensuring socio-economic sustainable development, Tajik leader noted.

“Second, growth of the world population and growing demand in water resources create new challenges for the world community,” said Rahmon.  “Thus, growing demand in water may lead to serious challenges in relations between various sectors of economy, which in its term, can lead to serious negative consequences even within one country.”

Therefore, within the world water scarcity, the competition for access to water resources will negatively impact on the process of ensuring sustainable development and welfare of individual countries, the president noted.

“In such a situation, in our opinion, introduction of integrated water resources management would provide new opportunities for improvement and strengthening of existing water cooperation formats at different levels.

“Third, it is necessary to take into account the gender aspect in water resources management.

“Accordingly, we need to make more efforts to involve women and girls in the process of development and strengthen their role in management and protection of water resources.

“Fourth, implementation of all plans and actions depend on ensuring the relevant financial, investment and technical resources in a timely manner.

“It is obvious that in the current situation, the world community needs to reform the global cooperation and bring it line with the new reality for the sake of future sustainable development.

“With regard to this, enhancement of scientific and technological cooperation is one of the important aspects of our joint efforts for effective implementation of programs and projects on effective use of water resources.

“Wide use of the latest technologies in this process is one of the efficient tools for water saving and water loss reduction.

“Fifth, transnational water cooperation is one of the key factors to ensure peace, stability and development.

“At present there are more than 276 transnational river basins in the world covering 148 countries and more than 70% of the world’s population.

“Ensuring effective water cooperation may serve as a driver for the development of countries in these basins.

“In contrary, lack of such cooperation may cause serious threats, which will negatively affect the countries’ economic and social situation.

“Countries in our region use water resources from two main rivers – Amudarya and Sirdarya and also a number of small trans-boundary rivers.

“The region’s water resources are formulated mainly in two countries and they are mostly used in the other downstream countries.

“In this context, decent cooperation in sustainable management and use of water resources is a key factor to ensure sustainable socio-economic development of the countries of the region.

“By signing several important agreements, the countries of the region managed to ensure water supply activities acceptable for all stakeholders in the difficult period of transition to the market economy.

“At the same time, we still have a great platform for regional cooperation on the use of water and energy resources by taking into account the interests of all countries in the region.

“The use of this potential in its full capacity may become an influential factor towards leading the countries of the region to sustainable development.

“By committing to just and rational use of water resources, we consider the constant implementation of water cooperation diplomacy as the only efficient tool for achievement of these noble objectives.

“Accordingly, Tajikistan stands ready to establish and expand mutually beneficial cooperation with all interested countries at the regional and international levels.”

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